A fraction describes how many parts of a certain size there are, for example, one-half, eight-fifths, three-quarters etc. A fraction simply tells us how many parts of a whole we have. You can recognize a fraction by the slash that is written between the two numbers. We have a top number, the numerator, and a bottom number, the denominator.
The top number the Numerator, it is the number of parts we have.
The bottom number the Denominator, it is the number of parts the whole is divided into.
Type of fraction
There are many types of fraction:
1. Proper fraction
2. Improper fraction
3. Mixed fraction
Factions whose numerators are less than the denominators are called proper fractions.
(Numerator < denominator)
For example, the fraction 7/8 is a proper fraction.
Fractions with the numerator either equal to or greater than the denominator are called improper fraction. A fraction greater than or equal to 1.
(Numerator = denominator or, Numerator > denominator)
For example, the fraction 8/7 is an improper fraction. The fraction 7/7 is also improper fraction.
A combination of a proper fraction and a whole number is called a mixed fraction.
For example, the fraction 113, 213, 323 are mixed fraction.
A mixed fraction may always be converted into an improper fraction and vise-versa.
312 = 3×2+12 = 6+12 = 72
Change Improper fraction to Mixed Fraction
92 = 412
Divide the numerator by the denominator. Write the quotient (4), and write the remainder (1) as the numerator of the fraction; do not change the denominator.
Like & Unlike fraction
The fractions with the same denominators are called like fractions.
For example, 1/5, 3/5, 2/5, 4/5, 6/5
The fractions with different denominators are called unlike fractions.
For example, 3/4, 5/6, 1/3, 4/7, 9/9
Equivalent Fractions have the same value, even though they may look different.
13 = 36 = 912
Two or more than two fractions are said to be equal if both results in same fraction after simplification.
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